Rabu, 13 Februari 2013



Tangkak is a district capital of Ledang, in the state of Johor, Malaysia. It lies close to the neighbouring state of Melaka, especially to Jasin town and district of the state and about half an hour drive from Melaka city centre. The town is nicknamed "Fabric Town" or "Syurga Kain" in honor of its many cloth shops. It is also well known as Gunung Ledang (Mount Ophir), which is the highest mountain in Johor, just 17 km away from the town centre of Tangkak. The mountain is clearly visible from any part of Tangkak.

History, Etymology and Infrastructure

Tangkak is located north of the state of Johore and is the second largest town formerly in the district of Muar. Founded in the year 1901 at the foot of Mt. Ophir (1276m high) and was under the direct control of Muar district then. In the year 1946, the local council was established and was governed by the Assistant District Officer who in turn reported to the Muar District Office in those days. According to hearsay, the word Tangkak came from the word MERANGKAK. It was believed that Long Mahmud had led 7 brothers from the Riau Province to start the first settlement that is now known as Tangkak. These 7 brothers had sailed from Riau Province and sailing along the Kesang River finally arrived at Tangkak River. They saw the flat land and decided to stay put at the place. Unfortunately they had difficulties getting up the river bank as their legs got stuck at the slippery river mud. They had to use the roots of trees to help them to get on land. When other settlers asked them the name of the place, they will answer TANG MERANGKAK TU. Over a period of time, it was shortened to TANGKAK, the name we all know today. Tangkak has an extensive network of roads including proximity to the North-South Expressway and a police organization that would soon be upgraded as a Police District Headquarter. The town is served by the Tangkak District Hospital which offers assistance to many highway mishaps and numerous primary health centres. Tangkak District Hospital also serves as a teaching hospital for Melaka Manipal Medical College.


The sub-districts of Muar and Tangkak has separated and Tangkak has been upgraded to a full-fledged district since 2006, but it would be renamed as the Ledang district after the Gunung Ledang nearby. Menteri Besar Datuk Abdul Ghani Othman said the Ledang district covers Tangkak town, Tanjung Agas, Kesang, Sungai Mati, Serom, Sagil and Bukit Gambir.


Tangkak is known for its beef noodles and chicken rice. Other common local dishes are:


Disini kebanyakannya kedai menjual textile, boleh dikatakan sepanjang jalan Pekan Tangkak ni kedai kain jer semuanya, harga pun boleh tahan juga .... dan yang telah siap dibuat baju lelaki atau perempuan kebanyakannya fesyen terbaru dan harga boleh ditahan serta boleh tawar menawar dengan tuan yang umpunya kedai.

Kebanyakan kedai disini taukey nya orang cina dan ada juga beberapa pemilik melayu yang mempunyai kedai yang agak setanding dengan orang cina yang pada pandangan saya secara kasar di monopoli oleh orang cina.

Batu Pahat


Batu Pahat is a district in the state of Johor, Malaysia. It lies southeast of Muar, southwest of Kluang, northwest of Pontian, and south of Segamat and the new Ledang district. The capital of the district is Bandar Penggaram, Batu Pahat.


The capital of the district Bandar Penggaram,Batu Pahat is located at 1°51′N 102°56′E. It is 239 km from Kuala Lumpur. The next nearest town is Muar which is 50 km northwest of Batu Pahat. The town of Kluang is located about 52 km to the northeast. Johor Baru is located about 70 to 100 km to the southeast of the town.
The district itself borders the districts of Segamat and Ledang to the north, Kluang to the east, Muar to the west and shares a border in the southeast with the district of Pontian. The coast of the Straits of Melaka lies to the south.


A plaque next to the Batu Pahat Well depicting the town's origin (www.batupahat.org).
The town acquired the name Batu Pahat, which means "chiselled stone", from the quarries near the estuary.[1] There are multiple theories as to the origin of this name. In around 1456, the Siamese army, led by Admiral Awi Di Chu, camped in Batu Pahat before attacking Malacca. [2] Legend has it that the invading Siamese troops were chiselling rocks at a rocky spot in the coastal village of Kampung Minyak Beku, in hope to get fresh water during their retreat from the Melaka troops, led by Tun Perak, the famous Bendahara (Prime Minister) of the Malacca Empire. Another possible explanation for the origin of the name is the fortress ("a famosa") built by the Portuguese after capturing Melaka, which was made from granite rocks taken from the mouth of Sungai Batu Pahat .
Renowned for its salted fish in the past, Batu Pahat was formerly known as Bandar Penggaram, which means "town of salt-makers". In 1893/1894, the present township was founded by Dato' Bentara Luar, Mohamed Salleh bin Perang, acting on the orders of the Sultan of Johor, Sultan Abu Bakar.[3]
Today, the ancient well can still be found in Minyak Beku, though little was done to maintain this ancient landmark which gives name to the town. For the town's centennial celebration in the early '90s, a quaint monument depicting a floating hand chiselling a rock was set up in the town square. It became the landmark of the town instantaneously. Currently, the newly refurbished town square is popular with locals on weekend nights and also provides as a venue for many public festive celebrations.
Bandar Penggaram,Batu Pahat is growing rapidly and has now developed to become the second major town in Johor state after Johor Bahru.

Subdivisions and administration

The district (daerah) is further divided into mukim-mukim (pl.) or subdistricts. The subdistricts are designated with a number (Mukim 1 until 12,17 and 18):
  1. Lubok (Mukim I)
  2. Bagan (Mukim II)
  3. Peserai (Mukim III)
  4. Simpang Kiri (Mukim IV)
  5. Simpang Kanan (Mukim V)
  6. Linau (Mukim VI)
  7. Tanjung Semberong (Mukim VII)
  8. Sri Gading (Mukim VIII)
  9. Minyak Beku (Mukim IX)
  10. Kampung Bahru (Mukim X)
  11. Sungai Punggor (Mukim XI)
  12. Sungai Kluang (Mukim XII)
  13. Chaah Bahru (Mukim XVII)
  14. Sri Medan (Mukim XVIII)
Bandar Penggaram,Batu Pahat is administered by Majlis Perbandaran Batu Pahat or Batu Pahat Municipal Council which was upgraded from the previous District Council (Majlis Daerah Batu Pahat Barat)on 9 June 2001 while Yong Peng is administered by Majlis Daerah Yong Peng or Yong Peng District Council which previous named Majlis Daerah Batu Pahat Timur.
Batu Pahat district has 525 gazetted villages (kampung-kampung pl.) and village-clusters (kampung rangkaian) where smaller villages were annexed to their bigger immediate neighbours for the purpose of administration. The villages are represented by Ketua-Ketua Kampung (village heads), answering to the Penghulu (subdistrict chief) administering the mukim. The mukim itself however is under the jurisdiction of the District Officer or Pegawai Daerah. The district office of Batu Pahat also have five district engineers (Jurutera Daerah) to oversee all the subdistricts.
Growth in small and medium industries such as textiles, garments and electronics helped to boost development, and Batu Pahat was upgraded to town status (Majlis Perbandaran) in 2001, alongside Muar, Kluang and Skudai. As of 2008, the government does not have any plans to upgrade Batu Pahat to a city status (Majlis Bandaraya).



Whole district of Batu Pahat has a population of about 468,058 local residents. The most populated mukim is Simpang Kanan with more than 311,862 people and the least populated is Bagan with a population of only 4,692.
The Chinese (45%) are concentrated in Bandar Penggaram, Batu Pahat and Yong Peng while the other part of Batu Pahat majority are Malay (52%). The Indians (3%) are less significant in Batu Pahat, working in rubber estates or as area business-owners.
The dialect group of Chinese community in Batu Pahat are varies:

See also


External links

 Photos of Gunung Ledang Resort, Tangkak
This photo of Gunung Ledang Resort is courtesy of TripAdvisor

 Photos of Gunung Ledang Resort, Tangkak
This photo of Gunung Ledang Resort is courtesy of TripAdvisor

 Photos of Gunung Ledang Resort, Tangkak
This photo of Gunung Ledang Resort is courtesy of TripAdvisor

 Photos of Gunung Ledang Resort, Tangkak
This photo of Gunung Ledang Resort is courtesy of TripAdvisor

Ledang District

Ledang is a new district in Johor, Malaysia. The district's principal town is Tangkak. The new Ledang district covers Tangkak town, Tanjung Agas, Kesang, Sungai Mati, Serom, Sagil and Bukit Gambir. The district is formerly the northern part of the Muar district which is separated from the southern part by the Muar River.[1] A ceremony headed by the sultan on June 9, 2008 saw the official proclamation of Ledang becoming Johor's 10th district.[2]

Gunung Ledang National Park

One of the main tourist attractions of Ledang is the Gunung Ledang National Park. The park is situated 170 km from Johor Bahru and has an area of 107 km². The park has two entry points, one in Sagil, Johor and the other in Asahan, Melaka. Gunung Ledang's peak, which is 1276 m above sea level is the highest point in the park and Johor. Gunung Ledang is also the 64th highest mountain in Malaysia and arguably the most climbed mountain in the country. Sagil waterfall, which is also in the park is a famous picnic site. Gunung Ledang is also widely recognised as a friendly training venue for amateur (or beginners) mountain hikers/climbers.

See also



Batu Pahat (bandar)

Batu Pahat (باتو ڤاهت, juga dikenali sebagai Bandar Penggaram atau BP) merupakan bandar yang terdapat di dalam daerah dengan namanya yang sama. Bandar ini terletak di barat negeri Johor serta dikelilingi oleh daerah Muar, Segamat, Pontian dan Kluang.
Pada tahun 2009, Batu Pahat merupakan bandar ke-20 terbesar di Malaysia dari segi jumlah penduduknya. Ia juga bandar kedua terbesar dalam negeri Johor selepas bandaraya Johor Bahru.



Pada zaman dahulu, Batu Pahat dikenali sebagai Pulau Kundur dan Sungai Batu Pahat pula dikenali sebagai Sungai Kundur. Ia merupakan petempatan-petempatan kecil yang berasingan yang dibuka oleh orang-orang kenamaan dan orang-orang besar seperti penghulu dan ketua-ketua kampung. Sebagai contoh, semasa pemerintahan Sultan Hussain Shah di Singapura dan Johor, dua orang ketua dari keturunan orang Melayu Daik dan seorang lagi dari Simpang Kiri bernama Rapang dari keturunan Orang Besar Pahang telah menghadap Sultan Hussain. Mereka berdua telah diberi taraf penghulu oleh Sultan Hussain di tempat masing-masing pada tahun 1834.[1]
Berikutan dengan pembukaan petempatan-petempatan kecil ini, maka kawasan Batu Pahat ini telah bertambah maju dan meluas. Pada tahun 1885 beberapa orang berketurunan Inggeris iaitu Stiple, Jackson dan Watt telah membuka sebuah ladang kopi di kaki Bukit Penggaram iaitu sebuah bukit yang berhampiran dengan Pengkalan Jeram. Pemborong yang telah mengerjakan ladang itu ialah seorang Cina bernama Lim Soo Poon telah menjadi seorang kaya (taukeh) dan beliau telah dapat membuat empat pintu rumah batu berdekatan dengan Sungai Batu Pahat.[1]
Usaha-usaha untuk membuka bandar Batu Pahat semakin giat dijalankan pada tahun 1888 oleh Dato' Yahya bin Awaluddin yang juga dikenali sebagai Dato' Yahya Tinggi di suatu kawasan bernama Bukit Senangin, Kampung Tambak iaitu di tebing kanan Sungai Batu Pahat. Tetapi usaha beliau menemui kegagalan kerana faktor geografi dan ekonomi yang tidak sesuai. Malah menurut kepercayaan orang tua yang ada, di kawasan itu tidak boleh dijadikan bandar kerana akhirnya akan dimasuki "angin". Akhirnya tempat itu ditinggalkan begitu sahaja. Pada tahun yang sama juga, seorang lagi pembesar yang bergelar Dato' Yahya Rendah cuba membuka bandar di kawasan Senangar tetapi gagal juga kerana orang-orang tua pada masa itu menyatakan "nanti mulut ternganga".[1]


Pada tahun 1889, Orang Kaya Sidek bin Ismail telah membuka satu petempatan di seberang Kampung Minyak Beku yang berdekatan dengan Kampung Jakun dan kawasan ini dinamakan Benut Selamat. Tetapi tidak lama kemudian nama ini telah bertukar kepada Bagan. Ramai orang telah tertarik akan tempat itu termasuklah pendatang dari Pulau Jawa, Madura dan lain-lain. Orang Jawa yang diketuai oleh Haji Ibrahim telah membuka kebun-kebun kelapa dan kopi di kampung itu. Di antara orang yang terkenal di situ ialah Pawang Abu, Haji Arshad (Orang Melaka) dan Mohamed Tab (Orang Muar).[2]
"Aku disusahkan oleh dua Penghulu Rahmat dan Kitam. Dua tiga kali berjumpa dengan aku minta engkau membuka Batu Pahat. Aku jawab dengan Rahmat dan Kitam, jangan engkau semuanya sumpah dan tidak ikut apa-apa perintah dia kelak. Dia jawab pada aku, tidak sekali-kali. Aku fikir bolehlah engkau buka Batu Pahat itu, mana-mana tempat anggaran engkau hendak jadikan Bandar..."
Kemajuan Bandar Maharani yang telah dibuka pada tahun 1884, mencabar keupayaan penghulu di Batu Pahat bagi membuka sebuah bandar dan ditambah pula dengan kemajuan yang pesat di kawasan sekitarnya seperti Serum, Bertam, Tebing Tinggi, Kampung Sejagong, Langkap dan Chaah. Maka satu perjumpaan telah diadakan di Kuala Simpang yang terdiri daripada orang-orang kaya, para penghulu, menteri penghulu dan jenang-jenang (gelaran bagi ketua orang asli) yang dipengerusikan oleh Encik Abdul Hamid bin Ahmad yang merupakan Ketua Pengaman Batu Pahat ketika itu. Keputusan perjumpaan tersebut telah melantik Penghulu Rahmat bin Ragam (Penghulu Simpang Kanan) dan Penghulu Kitam bin Mohd. Shah (Penghulu Simpang Kiri) sebagai wakil daripada perjumpaan tersebut untuk mengadap Sultan Abu Bakar bagi memohon Dato' Bentara Luar pada ketika itu iaitu Dato' Muhamad Salleh bin Perang membuka sebuah bandar untuk Batu Pahat. Mereka berkeyakinan bahawa usaha membuka sebuah bandar kali ini berhasil.[2]
Pada 4 November 1893, Dato' Muhamad Salleh yang pada masa itu mendiami di Kampung Senangar telah dipanggil ke Johor Bahru. Pada 11 November 1893, Sultan Abu Bakar telah bertitah kepada beliau untuk membuka bandar Batu Pahat itu. [2]


Kedudukan tempat yang hendak dijadikan Bandar adalah kira-kira 15 kilometer dari kuala sungai Batu Pahat, sebelah kanan tebing mudik sungai. Dato' Bentara Luar memilih kawasan ini kerana senang dan boleh merapatkan kapal-kapal besar yang dianggarkan dapat masuk ke sungai dengan membina sebuah dermaga bagi kemudahan perdagangan laut. Sungguhpun kawasan yang hendak dijadikan Bandar rendah, sering ditenggelami air masin sewaktu air pasang besar dari laut, kira-kira 2 kilometer ke darat tanahnya tinggi berbukit dan subur bagi tanam-tanaman. Dato' Bentara Luar membina rumah kediamannya di Kampung Penggaram yang bertentangan dengan Tasek Kadri untuk membuat kerja-kerja membuka bandar.[3]
Pada 2hb. Disember 1893, fakir menjalankan kerja menjalankan pekerjaan ukur-mengukur dari jalan kebun kopi ke Gunung Penggaram sampai ke Sungai Penggaram. Di tepi Sungai Penggaram itu fakir jadikan sebuah rumah atap tempat duduk fakir. Fakir jalankan pekerjaan membuat jalan dalam itu. Fakir mulakan menjalankan membuat rumah, pejabat, polis, mahkamah, dan tambak menambak batu di jalan. Kerja mengukur, merancang dan membangunkan pusat Bandar pentadbiran daerah telah berjalan lancar dengan bantuan kuat dua orang penghulu itu termasuk perbelanjaan yang dipungut dari orang tempatan dan juga bantuan kewangan dari Orang Kaya Bagan serta kewangan Dato' Bentara Luar sendiri.[3]
Pembukaan rasminya telah dilakukan pada 1hb. Januari 1894 oleh Dato' Muhamad Salleh bin Perang sendiri yang dihadiri oleh Orang-orang Kaya, Penghulu-penghulu dan orang-orang kenamaan tempatan. Kemuncak majlis perasmian itu ialah istiadat menaikkan bendera negeri Johor di Bukit Penggaram yang sekarang menjadi tapak dan kawasan rumah kediaman Pegawai Daerah dan seterusnya bukit itu disebut orang Bukit Bendera hingga hari ini. Seterusnya selepas itu pegawai-pegawai tadbir pun disusun dan pejabat-pejabat kerajaan seperti mahkamah, polis, penjara, rumah sakit, dan lain-lain juga diwujudkan satu demi satu. Perkembangannya berjalan dengan baik dan lancar dan dalam masa sebulan sahaja jumlah hasil kutipan telah mencapai $ 1,500.00.[3]


Pada 1hb. Disember 1894, diadakan satu majlis pengisytiharan menamakan bandar itu dengan nama Bandar Penggaram mengambil sempena nama Kampung Penggaram yang sedia ada di situ yang menjadi kampung kediaman Penghulu Rahmat. Selain diwujudkan sistem pentadbiran moden dengan pegawai-pegawai tadbir yang tertentu menggantikan sistem tradisional, Batu Pahat mula berkembang maju di mana Dato' Muhamad Salleh bin Perang yang menjadi wakil Raja memerintah Batu Pahat, kemudiannya menjadi Pesuruhjaya Kerajaan, telah memainkan peranan yang amat aktif.[4]
Orang-orang kampung telah digalakkan dan digesa membuka kebun untuk bercucuk tanam dan membuat parit tali air dan dalam masa yang sama pemodal-pemodal asing mula datang membuka kebun, ladang dan berniaga di Batu Pahat. Kebolehan Dato' Bentara Luar berbahasa Cina merupakan faktor menyebabkan beliau pada umumnya disukai oleh orang Cina dan faktor yang membawa kepada kemajuan ekonomi dan harmoni di daerah ini.[4]
Pentadbiran Batu Pahat di bawah pimpinan Dato' Bentara Luar berjalan lancar dan mengagumkan, ini dinyatakan oleh Ungku Sulaiman bin Daud, Pesuruhjaya Besar (General Commisioner) Johor dalam rangka lawatan tugasnya di Batu Pahat pada 21hb. hingga 24hb. Disember 1896. Kemajuan ekonomi Batu Pahat dapat diukur berdasarkan pendapatan daerah yang didapati sepanjang tahun. Masa bandar ini dibangunkan dalam tahun 1893 pentadbiran daerah berjaya mengutip sejumlah $ 15,000.00 sahaja tetapi dalam tahun 1910 pendapatan tahunan mencapai jumlah $ 55,375.00.[4]
Zaman Dato' Bentara Luar berakhir pada pertengahan tahun 1911 apabila Ungku Ahmad bin Ungku Muhamad Khalid dilantik menjadi Pesuruhjaya Kerajaan Batu Pahat menggantikan Dato' Bentara Luar. Batu Pahat mengalami zaman baru bila menjelma pula sistem pentadbiran yang seiringan dalam mana Pesuruhjaya Kerajaan Daerah berpadu dengan Penolong Penasihat berbangsa Inggeris untuk menjalankan pentadbiran.[4]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 (Bahasa Melayu) "Latar belakang pengenalan", Portal MPBP, 19 Jun 2009. Dicapai pada 10 Julai 2011. (Melayu) 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 (Bahasa Melayu) "Latar belakang pembukaan", Portal MPBP, 19 Jun 2009. Dicapai pada 10 Julai 2011. (Melayu) 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 (Bahasa Melayu) "Latar belakang kedudukan", Portal MPBP, 19 Jun 2009. Dicapai pada 10 Julai 2011. (Melayu) 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 (Bahasa Melayu) "Latar belakang pengisytiharan", Portal MPBP, 19 Jun 2009. Dicapai pada 10 Julai 2011. (Melayu) 

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Port Dickson

Port Dickson or PD to locals is a beach and holiday destination situated about 32 km from Seremban and 90 km from Kuala Lumpur. It is located in the state of Negeri Sembilan in Peninsular Malaysia. It takes just over an hour by car to travel from Kuala Lumpur to Port Dickson along the North-South Expressway.

This small town used to produce charcoal, but it was later developed as a small port by the British during the Straits Settlement period. Port Dickson was also known as Tanjung. In the Malay language, that means "cape". The oldest shophouses were the four situated presently at Jalan Lama. There was also a carbon mine at the first mile of the coast road (Jalan Pantai), and therefore Port Dickson was also called "Arang" (charcoal) in the Malay language.
Tin ore was plentiful in Lukut, an area within the Port Dickson district, during the 1820s, and it attracted Chinese immigrant miners. The British considered the area to have great potential as a harbour. It was intended to supersede the port in Pengkalan Kempas. The in-charge officer's name was Dickson, and thereafter the town was named Port Dickson. Others claim that Sir John Frederick Dickson, a senior official of the Federal Malay States founded Port Dickson and Pulau Arang in 1889.
Port Dickson is also home to many army camps of the Malaysian Army such as Sebatang Karah, Segenting, Si Rusa and Sunggala. It officially became an army town in 2009. [1]
Port Dickson evolved into a busy trading centre. Railways were constructed to facilitate the growth and development of Port Dickson. Although Port Dickson experienced rapid development, the beautiful beaches are fairly well preserved. Now, Port Dickson has become not only a beautiful tourist destination, but a large municipality with about 89,000 residents.

Recent developments

The 18 km extent of beach from Tanjung Gemuk to Tanjung Tuan is a popular holiday destination for visitors coming as far as those from Kuala Lumpur itself. Many Singaporeans have invested in holiday homes in and around Port Dickson.
In the 1990s, Port Dickson boomed with new hotels and resorts being planned and constructed. Due to the Asian financial crisis of 1997 however, many of these projects stalled, leaving many unfinished buildings scattered along the Port Dickson coastline. While some of these half constructed resorts are still abandoned, with the improving economy of the 2000s many of the projects were revived and completed, though many still remain abandoned.
In September 2009, Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak declared that Port Dickson shall be known as "Port Dickson—Army Town" in recognition of her role in the nation's military services.[2]

Yacht Clubs

Linking the Indian and Pacific Oceans, the Straits of Malacca is the shortest sea route between three of the world's most populous countries - India, China, and Indonesia. Inspired by the sea trade, expats founded the Royal Port Dickson Yacht Club in 1927, which still offers dinghy sailing courses and runs regattas. Unknown to most, Malaysia's developmental sailing teams, starting at the Optimist Dinghy level, train in and sail from the RPDYC.
The newer 5-star Admiral Marina & Leisure Club has good dock facilities for yacht travelers, sailboats and luxury cruisers. It is a transit point for racing sailboats joining the Raja Muda Selangor International Regatta, Royal Langkawi International Regatta and Thailand's Phuket Kings Cup regattas. Admiral Marina also hosted the disabled sailing event of the 2009 ASEAN Para Games and the 2006 FESPIC Games.[3]


External links

Port Dickson also famous with swiftlet bird's nest. A traditional food which believe contain purity protein. One of the famous brand is Hutanis Bird's nest 福等您燕窝 www.hutanis.blogspot.com

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